Art films are generally independent cinematic films which are produced outside a dominant cinema system domain, also known as a film studio. A motion picture is a craft with components of speech and is likewise an artistic craftsmanship by itself. Art films are evaluative works of cinema that functions and deals with fundamental and relatively serious issues that are associated with a diverse style of narratives and techniques. Art films are mostly aimed at a specific audience. The prime focus of an art film is to send out a message other than making money at the box office.
The first art films originated from the European Cinema, but certain Indian, American, Australian, Canadian and Japanese films have also been included in this category. Some feminist films and also films made by black filmmakers are included as art films. Around the era of 1920s, the art films were mostly associated with sensually stimulating medium of films. However, around the mid-1930s when censorship rules came into existence, interfering and governing the American audience, art films started to be generalized as sex films.
Exposure to Art Films & Movements
In a common art film, emphasis is laid more on expression and characterization rather than clearly defined storyline. Instead of giving thorough insight to the components of art film, it focuses more on aspects where spectators tend to challenge their mental process to make their own interpretation of the message that an art film aims to convey.
Art films are usually not made on a high budget, which is why they are only promoted through critic’s reviews, tabloid feedbacks, and mainly by verbal advertisements. The forms of art films are especially prominent in cinematic films such as ‘A clockwork orange’, which deals with the philosophical muse of conflict between the goodwill and bad. It is a psychological crime film adapted from a novel that shares the same name. This deals with a juvenile, psychic sociopath called Alex who is involved in violent crimes with his small gang. This is 0061 narrative film by Alex in Nadsat depicts an adolescent slang spoken by the Russians when he is in rehab as he confesses his violent encounters. Citizen Kane, Tokyo Story, Mulholland Drive, The white Ribbon and Andrei Rublev are some of the other notable works in the field of art films.
The specifications of the art films uphold a collective notion. An art film may be acknowledged as an art even if it comes short on meeting the fancy of the film audiences. It is due to these factors that such films remain oblivious to a major part of the audiences of all ages. Art films generally deal with like psychological issues, moral dilemma, individual identity crisis, sexual or social issues etc. There are other mainstream films as well which deal with these issues but are generally resolved by the end of the film.
In art films, there is a contemplative scrutiny of the issues which may or may not be settled at the end. The aim such climax is to highlight mostly on the development of the idea rather than providing the audience a visual extravaganza and elements of glamour, which are mostly present in mainstream films.
An art film possesses the flexibility in its conventional foundations. As a modern film director the attempts to rebuild the elemental atmosphere of Hollywood art films, may appeal at times as a mode of reminiscence. Its highest authority and the attribute, is its eloquence and importance. To greatly absorb the rationale of the adequate vital state and ideas of art films, the film enthusiasts has to discern the preceding manner of art films. Art films serves as both visionary and temporal, unremittingly ethical totally acquainted with mortal wickedness, ambivalence. The exquisiteness of cinema has accordingly spread its techniques through the means of assimilating the audience’s reactions with the motives of the film directors.