Documentary Film Movement, also known as the British Documentary Movement, is a campaign in British film society throughout the 1930’s and 1940’s. It carried a dominant position in the background of film as it brought about various subject matter which were then failed to be considered or allowed a small regard. This movement initiated contemporary trends of filming, production and conceptualization. Cutting-edge themes and ideologies were taken into the front-liners through these documentaries.
The British Documentary Film movement was launched at the Film Unit in the Empire Marketing Board, which is an administrative agency. In 1934, the settlement of the faction was relocated to the Postal Office. It was then renamed as the General Post office and the GPO Film Unit as finally set. It proceeded to generated documentaries until the start of World War II. The GPO then became fused with the bureau of Information. It was once more renamed as the Crown Film Unit.
Exposure to Cinema & Movement
The most important person in the British Documentary Movement is John Grierson. In 1929, he made the film called ‘Drifters ’. The film documented the painstaking work of herring fishermen in the North Sea. Nevertheless, it did not have any voice over. The universal film viewers had never seen such exhausting hard labor nor had they experienced it just as is. Accordingly, these film audiences had never previously witnessed anything like it as the British cinema had concentrated completely on fiction or news. The documentary then became defined as a historical mine to an uncertain and strange domain. Along with the success of the Drifters, Grierson created a fresh refinement in filmmaking, known as the ‘British Documentary Movement ’.
The ‘Drifters ’ film is a silent film that has been documented and was made into a cinematic film, which was directed and produced by a documentarian from Scotland named as John Grierson in 1929. The film depicts the everyday hard work and the tremendous exertion of fishermen in the North Sea of Britain, who makes a living through herring fishery. This documentary paved way for the world to behold how the society of these fishermen revolves around fishing herrings alone. The role players who served as actors in this documentary film are the herring fishermen themselves. The screen time of this film is 61 minutes and Grierson, the film director, made use of a technique that is receptive to the innovative contemporary films for this venture.
This film was a notable success in both evaluative and the profit-oriented areas. Furthermore, the film has served as a medium in setting the Documentary film venture of Grierson in motion. This film typifies the fact that the film director was not scared to modify the factual aspects so that his personal perspective can be carried out all over this film.
British Document movement was ponderously governed by the ground rules of socialism and equality. It concentrates on the endeavors, ambitions of the dejected and the laborers. This movement aims to propagate, also incorporate some ethics and notions to which the society holds with faith and confidence. Thus, the attention of the filmmakers is not only on the particular individuals but also the academic and studious discourse. Their subject matters on the documentary movement also included recent maturation of the abstractions of ethnic groups, and also on the evolution of mass organizational frameworks making provision among the contemporary lineage.
The British Documentary Film Movement experienced large amount of censures, regardless of its cultivated inventiveness and shining examples and was even thought of as being a revolutionary in disposition. This movement was supplemented and advocated by classified personalities who were academically affluent and favored.
As was presumed, the documentary filmmaker should be a personality with a collegiate inculcation and should carry an air of societal cognitive demeanor. Consequently, the British Documentary Movement is reckoned as being a groundbreaking sector both in the film and the British contemporary history. The Documentary Film movement, despite the actuality that it was generally mandated by white people, who had unconsciously targeted towards an upper class audience, still it has managed to have an enormous impact in the world.